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Acne is a common skin condition of raised, red, inflamed, and sometimes painful bumps. It is most often found on the face, upper chest, and back.

Types of acne include comedonal acne (whiteheads and blackheads caused by oil-clogged hair follicles), hormonal acne (deeper acne cysts caused by hormone fluctuations), inflammatory acne (small, red bumps caused by an immune system response or stress), and severe acne cysts (deep nodules that often leave scars). Severe acne can lead to permanent scarring, dark spots, enlarged pores, low self-esteem, and even depression.

Speak to any teenager or adult with acne and you will consistently hear of the hours spent looking for the “cure” or any form of relief from feeling self-conscious or insecure about acne. Whether you’re looking for relief from current acne or treatment for post acne scars, there are many treatment options available to you. Please give us a call to schedule a consultation or treatment.


Some figure has it that eighty percent of all people between the ages of twelve and twenty-four have some type of acne. It is a disorder of the oil glands in the skin. Contrary to some conventional conceptions, it is a problem suffered not exclusively by teenagers. Some people are plagued their whole lives with constant outbreaks of acne. The hair follicles, or pores, in our skin are connected with oil glands called sebaceous glands. These glands produce sebum, an oily substance that lubricates our hair and skin. At the same time, dead skin cells are expelled from the pore lining while sebum is being distributed to the exterior surface of the skin.

Acne is the most common of all skin diseases.

Most of the time the glands produce the right amount of sebum and the pores are fine. But sometimes when too much sebum is produced, a pore or two may get clogged up.

This plug blocks the pore, preventing the sebum or dead skin cells from leaving the pore. The situation could further be aggravated by a build-up of bacteria that live on sebum. This leads to swelling around the pore and acne is the result. This could happen to anybody, young and old.

However, a few eruptions every now and then are not what concern us. We acne sufferers are concerned with those numerous and serious pimples that dotted our face and neck and never seem to go away. As soon as some old ones begin to subside, to our relief, more new ones pop up. The constant battles eventually turn into hopeless struggles.

Why Does Acne Occur?

Why does acne occur? And why does acne have to be on the face, and not on some harmless spot, like, say…the sole? The latter question has its answer in our body. It’s because the oil glands in our skin are concentrated in the T-zone–the face, the neck, the chest, the back, and the shoulders. Nobody knows for sure the exact cause of acne. We only know about some of the elements that influence its development, and they are:


Oily skin or hair
Increased production of male hormones at puberty
Oily skin or hair
Increased production of male hormones at puberty
Periods of high stress
Some nutritional deficiencies
Acne in Teens

Acne usually surfaces during adolescence and begins to quiet once a person reaches adulthood. Androgen hormones increase during puberty and cause the oil glands to produce more sebum, which leads to teenage acne. Teens may be more likely to get acne if they use oil-based makeup products, too much makeup, harsh cleansers, or other skin irritants. Acne can lead to low self-esteem in teens and may affect their relationships, self-confidence, and stress levels, which can, in turn, perpetuate acne.


Over-the-counter acne cleansers, creams, and scrubs often have little to no success in treating moderate to severe acne. Many are too drying and strip the skin of moisture. Dr. Bitter’s safe and effective acne treatments eradicate breakouts by addressing their underlying causes. Dr. Bitter recommends his FotoFacial Clear procedure to kill acne-causing bacteria, ameliorate redness, tighten pores, and reduce oil production.

Adult Acne / Hormonal Acne

Acne can sometimes persist well into adulthood, especially among women. Adult acne is usually hormonal acne and is exacerbated by hormone fluctuations during menstruation, pregnancy, or menopause. Adult acne may be worsened by stress, diet, makeup, genetics, and certain medications.


While over-the-counter scrubs and cleansers are too harsh and drying, Dr. Bitter’s revolutionary FotoFacial treatments cleanse the skin from the inside out. Broadband light technology penetrates the skin and miraculously boosts collagen, evens out skin tone, and helps it to heal. With regular treatments, acne can be eradicated, and clear skin can be restored.

If you or someone you know suffers from acne, Dr. Bitter can help. Contact us today to schedule your consultation with world-renowned board-certified dermatologist Dr. Patrick Bitter, Jr., Call us at 408-358-5757 or fill out our online contact form today!

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